Primary audience: Expert-level engineers who want to teach or mentor others

Key Takeaway

You developed expertise without being aware of that process, but you can help someone else develop it by understanding your own expertise.



Point 1

An expert is someone who has formed useful mental models to move past the limitations of short term memory.

Detail 1a

An expert is someone who can find the root cause of a problem in O(log(n)) time

Detail 1b

This is achieved through the formation of mental models

Detail 1c

This can be done effeciently through the use of deliberate practice

Point 2

Learning happens when we are the exact right amount of frustrated, which takes careful planning and moving between concious and unconcious competence.

Detail 2a

The four stages of competence

Detail 2b

Rapid skill acquisition

Detail 2c

Three non-optional focuses for learning

Point 3

To teach, we must prepare the right path forward, create opportunities to practice, and support a healthy and productive mental state.

Detail 3a

Prep Move back to concious competence Define specific outcomes EARLY ON Select the right outcomes and figure out how to get them practice

Detail 3b

Practice LET THEM WRITE FEATURES Use pairing to keep the feedback loop tight Retain reverence for your responsibilities Don’t just throw a million books at them

Detail 3c

Mental State Help them remove distractions Celebrate good hypotheses that turn out to be wrong Maintain energy and positivity about the subject matter



Finding meaning in work